Emergency Preparedness Checklist


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Emergency Preparedness Checklist

 

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The next time disaster strikes, you may not have much time to act.
Prepare now for a sudden emergency.

Learn how to protect yourself and cope with disaster by planning ahead.
This checklist will help you get started. Discuss these ideas with your
family, then prepare an emergency plan. Post the plan where everyone will see
it--on the refrigerator or bulletin board.

For additional information about how to prepare for hazards in your
community, contact your local emergency management or civil defence office
and American Red Cross chapter.

Emergency Checklist

Call Your Emergency Management Office or American Red Cross Chapter

* Find out which disasters could occur in your area.

* Ask how to prepare for each disaster.

* Ask how you would be warned of an emergency.

* Learn your community's evacuation routes.

* Ask about special assistance for elderly or disabled persons.

Also...

* Ask your work place about emergency plans.

* Learn about emergency plans for your children's school or day care
centre.

Create an Emergency Plan

* Meet with household members. Discuss with children the dangers of
fire, severe weather, earthquakes and other emergencies.

* Discuss how to respond to each disaster that could occur.

* Discuss what to do about power outages and personal injuries.

* Draw a floor plan of your home. Mark two escape routes from each
room.

* Learn how to turn off the water, gas and electricity at main
switches.

* Post emergency telephone numbers near telephones.

* Teach children how and when to call 911, police and fire.

* Instruct household members to mm on the radio for emergency
information.

* Pick one out-of-state and one local friend or relative for family
members to call if separated by disaster (it is often easier to call
out-of-state than within the affected area).

* Teach children how to make long distance telephone calls.

* Pick two meeting places.

1) A place near your home in case of a fire.
2) A place outside your neighbourhood in case you cannot return home after a
disaster.

* Take a basic first aid and CPR class.

* Keep family records in a water and fire-proof container.

Prepare a Disaster Supplies Kit

Assemble supplies you might need in an evacuation. Store them in an
easy-to-carry container such as a backpack or duffel bag.

Include:

* A supply of water (one gallon per person per day). Store water in
sealed, unbreakable containers. Identify the storage date and replace every
six months.

* A supply of non-perishable packaged or canned food and a non-electric
can opener.

* A change of clothing, rain gear and sturdy shoes.

* Blankets or sleeping bags.

* A first aid kit and prescription medications.

* An extra pair of glasses.

* A battery-powered radio, flashlight and plenty of extra batteries.

* Credit cards and cash.

* An extra set of car keys.

* A list of family physicians.

* A list of important family information; the style and serial number
of medical devices such as pacemakers.

* Special items for infants, elderly or disabled family members.

Emergency Plan

Out-of-State Contact

Name__________________________________________________

City__________________________________________________

Telephone (Day)________________(Evening)______________

Local Contact

Name__________________________________________________

Telephone (Day)________________(Evening)______________

Nearest Relative

Name__________________________________________________

City__________________________________________________

Telephone (Day)________________(Evening)______________

Family Work Numbers

Father_________________________Mother_________________

Other_________________________________________________

Emergency Telephone Numbers

In a life threatening emergency, dial 911 or the local emergency
medical services system number.

Police Department_____________________________________

Fire Department_______________________________________

Hospital______________________________________________

Family Physicians

Name___________________________Telephone_______________

Name___________________________Telephone_______________

Name___________________________Telephone_______________

Reunion Locations

1. Right outside your home____________________________

______________________________________________________

2. Away from the neighbourhood, in case you cannot
return home___________________________________________

______________________________________________________

Address_______________________________________________

Telephone_____________________________________________

Route to try first____________________________________

______________________________________________________

Escape Plan

In a fire or other emergency, you may need to evacuate your house,
apartment or mobile home on a moment's notice. You should be ready to get out
fast.

Develop an escape plan by drawing a floor plan of your residence. Using
a black or blue pen, show the location of doors, windows, stairways, and
large furniture. Indicate the location of emergency supplies (Disaster
Supplies Kit), fire extinguishers, smoke detectors, collapsible ladders,
first aid kits and utility shut off points. Next, use a coloured pen to draw
a broken line charting at least two escape routes from each room. Finally,
mark a place outside of the home where household members should meet in case
of fire.

Be sure to include important points outside such as garages, patios,
stairways, elevators, driveways and porches. If your home has more than two
floors, use an additional sheet of paper. Practice emergency evacuation
drills with all household members at least two times each year.

Example:

Home Hazard Hunt

In a disaster, ordinary items in the home can cause injury and damage.
Anything that can move, fall, break or cause a fire is a potential hazard.

* Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections.

* Fasten shelves securely.

* Place large, heavy objects on lower shelves.

* Hang pictures and minors away from beds.

* Brace overhead light fixtures.

* Secure water heater. Snap to wall studs.

* Repair cracks in ceilings or foundations.

* Store weed killers, pesticides and flammable products away from heat
sources.

* Place oily polishing rags or waste in covered metal cans.

* Clean and repair chimneys, flue pipes, vent connectors and gas vents.

If You Need to Evacuate

* Listen to a battery powered radio for the location of emergency
shelters. Follow instructions of local officials.

* Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.

* Take your Disaster Supplies Kit.

* Lock your house.

* Use travel routes specified by local officials.

If you are sure you have time ...

* Shut off water, gas and electricity, if instructed to do so.

* Let others know when you left and where you are going.

* Make arrangements for pets. Animals may not be allowed in public
shelters.

Prepare an Emergency Car Kit

Include:

* Battery powered radio and extra batteries

* Flashlight and extra batteries

* Blanket

* Booster cables

* Fire extinguisher (5 lb, A-B-C type)

* First aid kit and manual

* Bottled water and non-perishable high energy foods such as granola
bars, raisins and peanut butter.

* Maps

* Shovel

* Tire repair kit and pump

* Flares

Fire Safety

* Plan two escape routes out of each room.

* Teach family members to stay low to the ground when escaping from a
fire.

* Teach family members never to open doors that are hot. In a fire,
feel the bottom of the door with the palm of your hand. If it is hot, do not
open the door. Find another way out.

* Install smoke detectors. Clean and test smoke detectors once a month.
Change batteries at least once a year.

* Keep a whistle in each bedroom to awaken household members in case of
fire.

* Check electrical outlets. Do not overload outlets.

* Purchase a fire extinguisher (5 lb., A-B-C type).

* Have a collapsible ladder on each upper floor of your house.

* Consider installing home sprinklers.





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